Ilex aquifolium is the classic Christmas holly grown for florist's arrangements and seasonal decoration. It has perhaps the most attractive dark glossy green foliage and bright red berries of any Ilex spp. English Holly is also available in yellow and white variegated leaf forms and with yellow berries on some female clones. English Holly is generally poorly adapted to Texas landscapes.
Plant Habit or Use:
Shrub, medium shrub, large shrub, tree, small tree
sun, partial sun
Light green, inconspicuous.
Bright red, orange, or yellow berries are the primary fall / winter feature of this species, grown commercially for fruiting branches
If surviving in Texas 8 ft to 12 ft, in its native environment it can reach 30 ft to 50 ft in height
4 ft to 8 ft
Explanation of the Earth–Kind® Index breakdown
- Heat Tolerance: Low Heat Tolerance
- Water Requirements: High Water Use
- Soil Requirements: Medium Soil Requirements
- Pest Tolerance: High Pest Resistance
- Fertility Requirements: Medium Fertility Requirements
USDA Hardiness Zones:
6, 7, 8
Regions that intersect these hardiness zones:
Click image for enlarged map of USDA Hardiness Zones
Region A - Panhandle and High Plains• Region B - North and Central Texas• Region C - Northeast and East Texas• Region D - West Texas• Region E - Upper Rio Grande• Region F - Hill Country and Central Coast• Region G - Southeast Texas
In an effort to extend the useful range of this species, efforts at grafting on species with better tolerance to Texas conditions is being tried. Trials are not yet old enough to yield useful data.