Ilex cornuta is seldom represented in the trade by the species type, but rather by several of the popular cultivars. Burford, Dwarf Burford, Needlepoint, and Rotundiloba Hollies are all cultivars of Ilex cornuta. The species is valued for its dense dark glossy green foliage and red berries on female clones.
Plant Habit or Use:
Shrub, medium shrub, large shrub, topiary
sun, partial sun
Light green, inconsipicuous.
Bright red berries are a primary fall / winter feature on many cultivars, sometimes yellow
Variable by cultivar, dwarf clones 3 ft to 5 ft tall to 15 ft or 20 ft on the species
5 ft to 15 ft
Explanation of the Earth–Kind® Index breakdown
- Heat Tolerance: High Heat Tolerance
- Water Requirements: Low Water Use
- Soil Requirements: Medium Soil Requirements
- Pest Tolerance: Medium Pest Resistance
- Fertility Requirements: Medium Fertility Requirements
USDA Hardiness Zones:
7, 8, 9, 10
Regions that intersect these hardiness zones:
Click image for enlarged map of USDA Hardiness Zones
Region A - Panhandle and High Plains• Region B - North and Central Texas• Region C - Northeast and East Texas• Region D - West Texas• Region E - Upper Rio Grande• Region F - Hill Country and Central Coast• Region G - Southeast Texas• Region H - Rio Grande Valley
While the foliage characters alone are reason to plant Ilex cornuta, it is one of the most heat, drought, salt and alkaline soil tolerant large-leaved, evergreen hollies available. Cold hardiness is marginal in USDA zone 7 for some cultivars.