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Common Name:

Texas Sage, Cenizo, or Texas Ranger

Scientific Name:

Leucophyllum frutescens

Family Name:



Texas Sage is perhaps the most widely planted of the native Trans Pecos plants in landscapes outside that region. Valued for its outstanding gray-green to siver-gray foliage and purple-pink flowers, it is suprisingly adapted to useage in much of the southern two thirds of Texas. A good semi-evergreen shrub with summer interest. Benefits from occasional pruning to enhance canopy density.

Plant Habit or Use:

Medium shrub, large shrub



Flower Color:

Purple-pink, pink, or occasionally white, most profusely borne after summer rains

Blooming Period:

Spring, summer, fall

Fruit Characteristics:

Capsule, not important


4 ft to 8 ft (10 ft)


4 ft to 6 ft

Earth–Kind® Index:

  • Heat Tolerance: High Heat Tolerance
  • Water Requirements: Low Water Use
  • Soil Requirements: Low Soil Requirements
  • Pest Tolerance: High Pest Resistance
  • Fertility Requirements: Low Fertility Requirements
Explanation of the Earth–Kind® Index breakdown

Firewise Index

Explanation of the Firewise Index numerical value

USDA Hardiness Zones:

8, 9, 10

Regions that intersect these hardiness zones:
Region A - Panhandle and High Plains Region B - North and Central Texas Region C - Northeast and East Texas Region D - West Texas Region E - Upper Rio Grande Region F - Hill Country and Central Coast Region G - Southeast Texas Region H - Rio Grande Valley
Click image for enlarged map of USDA Hardiness Zones

Additional Comments:

Tolerates most soils as long as they are well drained. Frequently killed by kindness (over irrigation). Not particularly well adapted to humid regions, best in drier atmospheric regions. Tends to become leggy with age.
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A Special Note about Cool Season Annuals

Cool season annuals typically are planted in the fall or early winter and flower in early spring under moderate temperatures. This group of plant materials includes: pansies, snapdragons, violas, dianthus, flowering cabbage/kale, etc. Because cool season annuals flower in the spring when conditions are mild, most have limited heat tolerance.

As a result cool season annuals do not receive a high Earth–Kind® index despite their outstanding landscape qualities.