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Common Name:


Scientific Name:

Malus x domestica

Family Name:



Malus x domestica is the source of most commercial apples. On their own roots they tend to be a spreading medium size tree, but can be grown on dwarfing rootstocks to produce trees from 6 ft to 35 ft. Conditions in most of Texas are not conducive to culture of high quality apples and even in favorable climates, most popular cultivars require prophylactic sprays.

Plant Habit or Use:

Small tree, medium tree



Flower Color:

White, pink, rose-pink, singles or doubles

Blooming Period:


Fruit Characteristics:

2 inch to 5 inch diameter green, yellow, or red fruit


25 ft to 35 ft without dwarfing rootstocks


25 ft to 30 ft

Earth–Kind® Index:

  • Heat Tolerance: High Heat Tolerance
  • Water Requirements: Low Water Use
  • Soil Requirements: Low Soil Requirements
  • Pest Tolerance: Low Pest Resistance
  • Fertility Requirements: Low Fertility Requirements
Explanation of the Earth–Kind® Index breakdown

Firewise Index

Explanation of the Firewise Index numerical value

USDA Hardiness Zones:

5, 6, 7, 8

Regions that intersect these hardiness zones:
Region A - Panhandle and High Plains Region B - North and Central Texas Region C - Northeast and East Texas Region D - West Texas Region E - Upper Rio Grande Region F - Hill Country and Central Coast Region G - Southeast Texas
Click image for enlarged map of USDA Hardiness Zones

Additional Comments:

Prone to a long list of insect and disease problems which include cotton root rot, cedar apple rust, apple scab, fireblight, borers, aphids, and scale to mention a few.
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A Special Note about Cool Season Annuals

Cool season annuals typically are planted in the fall or early winter and flower in early spring under moderate temperatures. This group of plant materials includes: pansies, snapdragons, violas, dianthus, flowering cabbage/kale, etc. Because cool season annuals flower in the spring when conditions are mild, most have limited heat tolerance.

As a result cool season annuals do not receive a high Earth–Kind® index despite their outstanding landscape qualities.