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Common Name:

Date Palm

Scientific Name:

Phoenix dactylifera

Family Name:

Arecaceae (Palmae)

Description:

Date Palm is grown either as a multiple stem feather palm or trained to a single stem. The later is more common when used in formal settings or as a street tree. This species has a similar leaf as Canary Island Date Palm, but features a more slender trunk. In favorable arid climates, this species can become a large tree, although it is often somewhat smaller than this in our region. Cold tolerance is high for a feather palm, surviving in warmer portions of USDA zone 8. This species is the source of commercial dates. The bases of the leaf stalks become quite spiny resulting in some maintenance concerns.

Plant Habit or Use:

Tree, small tree, medium tree, large tree, tropical

Exposure:

sun, partial sun

Flower Color:

Creamy yellow in a densely packed panicle; encased in woody spathe prior to opening.

Blooming Period:

Spring, summer

Fruit Characteristics:

Souce of commerical dates, usually bearing quality fruit only in arid tropics.

Height:

Variable by climate and site; 20 ft to 70 ft

Width:

10 ft to 15 ft

Earth–Kind® Index:

  • Heat Tolerance: Non-Defined Heat Tolerance
  • Water Requirements: Non-Defined Water Use
  • Soil Requirements: Non-Defined Soil Requirements
  • Pest Tolerance: Non-Defined Pest Resistance
  • Fertility Requirements: Non-Defined Fertility Requirements
Explanation of the Earth–Kind® Index breakdown

USDA Hardiness Zones:

8, 9, 10, 11

Regions that intersect these hardiness zones:
Region A - Panhandle and High Plains Region B - North and Central Texas Region C - Northeast and East Texas Region D - West Texas Region E - Upper Rio Grande Region F - Hill Country and Central Coast Region G - Southeast Texas Region H - Rio Grande Valley
Click image for enlarged map of USDA Hardiness Zones

Additional Comments:

Lethal yellows can be a problem as can palm heart rot, palm borer, and root knot nematode; resistant to cotton root rot.
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A Special Note about Cool Season Annuals

Cool season annuals typically are planted in the fall or early winter and flower in early spring under moderate temperatures. This group of plant materials includes: pansies, snapdragons, violas, dianthus, flowering cabbage/kale, etc. Because cool season annuals flower in the spring when conditions are mild, most have limited heat tolerance.

As a result cool season annuals do not receive a high Earth–Kind® index despite their outstanding landscape qualities.