Staghorn Sumac is so named due to the resemblence of the pubescence covered winter stems to the horns of a stag in velvet. This rounded crown tree is one of the larger and the coarsest of the tree form sumacs. Probably the least heat tolerant of the commonly enountered tree-form sumacs. Tends to sucker and form colonies, but develops good red fall color. This taxon can be very picturesque in growth form and the flowers and fruit on female plants are quite noticeable. Less well adapted to the southern three-fourths of Texas than most sumac.
Plant Habit or Use:
Large shrub, small tree
Ellow-green, mildly interesting.
Showy terminal panicles of fuzzy red-brown drupes, good winter feature.
20 ft to 25 ft
20 ft to 25 ft on individuals, suckering colonies of indefinite width.
Explanation of the Earth–Kind® Index breakdown
- Heat Tolerance: Medium Heat Tolerance
- Water Requirements: Low Water Use
- Soil Requirements: Low Soil Requirements
- Pest Tolerance: High Pest Resistance
- Fertility Requirements: Low Fertility Requirements
USDA Hardiness Zones:
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Regions that intersect these hardiness zones:
Click image for enlarged map of USDA Hardiness Zones
Region A - Panhandle and High Plains• Region B - North and Central Texas• Region C - Northeast and East Texas• Region D - West Texas• Region E - Upper Rio Grande• Region F - Hill Country and Central Coast• Region G - Southeast Texas
Very cold hardy; possibilities for the Texas Panhandle and high elevation West Texas gardens.