Chittamwood is a tardily deciduous weedy large shrub or small tree with an upright oval crown. The mildly interesting small fragrant white spring flowers are followed by lustrous black berries in early autumn which birds eat and then spread widely. Plants develop a very extensive tap root in relation to the shoots and are difficult to eradicate as weeds. They are also spiny when young. Perhaps suitable for naturalizing in difficult sites.
Plant Habit or Use:
Shrub, large shrub, tree, small tree
sun, partial sun
Small inverted bell-shaped perfect flowers, mildly fragrant, interesting if not particularly showy
Regions that intersect these hardiness zones: Region A - Panhandle and High Plains• Region B - North and Central Texas• Region C - Northeast and East Texas• Region D - West Texas• Region E - Upper Rio Grande• Region F - Hill Country and Central Coast• Region G - Southeast Texas• Region H - Rio Grande Valley
Click image for enlarged map of USDA Hardiness Zones
Tough native shrub or tree, but of little ornamental merit; can become a serious weed problem; borer damage and sooty mold may develop.
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A Special Note about Cool Season Annuals
Cool season annuals typically are planted in the fall or early winter and flower in early spring under moderate temperatures. This group of plant materials includes: pansies,
snapdragons, violas, dianthus, flowering cabbage/kale, etc. Because cool season annuals flower in the spring when conditions are mild, most have limited heat tolerance.
As a result cool season annuals do not receive a high Earth–Kind® index despite their outstanding landscape qualities.