Taxodium mucronatum (Taxodium distichum var. mexicanum)
Montezuma Cypress is potentially a large massive conifer, but is often similar in size to the Common Baldcypress (Taxodium distichum) in our region. Trees are evergreen in warmer climates, so semievergreen or tardily deciduous in cold regions. In youth Montezuma Cypress develops a broader more irregular crown than Common Baldcypress, but later develops into a mostly pyramidal tree. This species is similarly tolerant of wet soils and periodic flooding, but is much faster growing than Common Baldcypress. This is a handsome species with potentially better adaptation to the higher pH soils in our region. Although native to the Southern Rio Grande Valley, this species is most widely distributed in Mexico.
Plant Habit or Use:
Tree, medium tree, large tree
sun, partial sun
None, cone bearing.
Small globose cones that fall apart at maturity.
50 ft or so in Texas, taller in Mexico.
20 ft to 30 ft, more in Mexico.
Explanation of the Earth–Kind® Index breakdown
- Heat Tolerance: High Heat Tolerance
- Water Requirements: Medium Water Use
- Soil Requirements: Medium Soil Requirements
- Pest Tolerance: Medium Pest Resistance
- Fertility Requirements: Medium Fertility Requirements
USDA Hardiness Zones:
7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Regions that intersect these hardiness zones:
Click image for enlarged map of USDA Hardiness Zones
Region A - Panhandle and High Plains• Region B - North and Central Texas• Region C - Northeast and East Texas• Region D - West Texas• Region E - Upper Rio Grande• Region F - Hill Country and Central Coast• Region G - Southeast Texas• Region H - Rio Grande Valley
The ultimate cold tolerances of this species are not known, but plants have survived without damage in zone 7b.