The most widely known cultivars are a rather non-durable transition season annual (mostly Verbena x hybrida). The perennial Verbena spp. and cultivars offer a more reliable source of color for Texas landscapes. Several perennial species are suitable for use as short-term groundcovers. 'Homestead Purple', 'Blue Princess', 'Pinwheel Princess', 'Apple Blossom', and Taylortown Red' are good larger growing cultivars. The Tapien series make excellent low mat-like forms with purple, blue, pink, or white flowers.
Plant Habit or Use:
Transition season annual, perennial, groundcover
sun, partial sun
Wide range of colors are available on the annual species, perennial species mostly white, pink, blue, purple, or red
Spring, summer, fall
Cyme of tiny nutlets, not ornamental
2 inch mat to 18 inch mound
1 ft to 5 ft, some spreading indefinitely as they root from vine-like stems
USDA Hardiness Zones:
4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Regions that intersect these hardiness zones:
Click image for enlarged map of USDA Hardiness Zones
Region A - Panhandle and High Plains• Region B - North and Central Texas• Region C - Northeast and East Texas• Region D - West Texas• Region E - Upper Rio Grande• Region F - Hill Country and Central Coast• Region G - Southeast Texas• Region H - Rio Grande Valley
Tough durable perennials to transition season annuals. Some are excellent mat-like groundcovers, but tend to die out in the center, moving away at the edges. Plants tend to "migrate" about the garden.