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Common Name:

Big Periwinkle

Scientific Name:

Vinca major

Family Name:



A larger coarser version of Vinca minor. Sprawling mounding vine serving as an effective groundcover in shady to partly sunny locations. Less floriferous than Vinca minor.

Plant Habit or Use:

Groundcover, vine


partial sun, shade

Flower Color:

Blue to purple-blue, small and rather sparsely borne

Blooming Period:

Spring, summer, fall

Fruit Characteristics:

Not ornamental


1 ft to 2 ft mounding groundcover



Earth–Kind® Index:

  • Heat Tolerance: High Heat Tolerance
  • Water Requirements: Medium Water Use
  • Soil Requirements: Low Soil Requirements
  • Pest Tolerance: Medium Pest Resistance
  • Fertility Requirements: Medium Fertility Requirements
Explanation of the Earth–Kind® Index breakdown

Firewise Index

Explanation of the Firewise Index numerical value

USDA Hardiness Zones:

7, 8, 9, 10

Regions that intersect these hardiness zones:
Region A - Panhandle and High Plains Region B - North and Central Texas Region C - Northeast and East Texas Region D - West Texas Region E - Upper Rio Grande Region F - Hill Country and Central Coast Region G - Southeast Texas Region H - Rio Grande Valley
Click image for enlarged map of USDA Hardiness Zones

Additional Comments:

More vigorous than Vinca minor; tolerates slightly higher pH soils, heat, and drought better than V. minor, but is less cold hardy.
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A Special Note about Cool Season Annuals

Cool season annuals typically are planted in the fall or early winter and flower in early spring under moderate temperatures. This group of plant materials includes: pansies, snapdragons, violas, dianthus, flowering cabbage/kale, etc. Because cool season annuals flower in the spring when conditions are mild, most have limited heat tolerance.

As a result cool season annuals do not receive a high Earth–Kind® index despite their outstanding landscape qualities.