Spanish Daggers or Yucca
Yuccas are a classic arid landscape plant ranging from a trunkless rosette of sword-like foliage to a small branched tree such as the Joshua Tree. Most are coarse textured with huge candelabra-like panicles of creamy white bell-shaped flowers. Effective in xeriscapes, rock gardens, in naturalizing, theme gardens, or as accents or barrier plants.
Plant Habit or Use:
Small shrub, medium shrub, large shrub, small tree
White to creamy white
Dehiscent woody capsules, not ornamental, deadhead
1 ft rosette of foliage to 30 ft tall tree, variable by species and location
1 ft to 15 ft, variable by species and location
USDA Hardiness Zones:
4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Regions that intersect these hardiness zones:
Click image for enlarged map of USDA Hardiness Zones
Region A - Panhandle and High Plains• Region B - North and Central Texas• Region C - Northeast and East Texas• Region D - West Texas• Region E - Upper Rio Grande• Region F - Hill Country and Central Coast• Region G - Southeast Texas• Region H - Rio Grande Valley
Cold hardiness is variable in the genus from USDA zone 4 to nearly tropical, zone 9 or 10. All Yucca spp. are drought tolerant, most can withstand heat, salt, and pollution as well.